This planet is a fascinating and ever changing place. Over time it’s developed into the complex and amazing place it is today. As ethnic groups developed over time and eventually became countries, borders developed separating governments and people from one another. Sometimes these borders weren’t always drawn up in the best way and slowly new countries have developed and separated off from their larger counterparts. Here’s a list of the 6 newest countries in the world.
On July 9th 2011 South Sudan Split from their northern neighbors to become to newest country in the world. After a grueling 50 years and two civil wars they finally gained their independence. Oil rights near the border made the separation an especially difficult conflict which lengthened the process significantly. The formation of the newest country in the world came with a serious cost of human life as millions were killed during the affair.
This small Eastern European country gained its independence on February 17, 2008. Kosovo was originally part of the former Yugoslavia, but when the country split during the 1990s it remained part of Serbia. Although the country officially achieved their status as an independent country, many Serbians still consider it to be part of their country. Kosovo is home to 1.8 million people and is currently the poorest country in all of Europe.
Although Montenegro has technically governed itself for centuries the country officially split from Serbia on June 3, 2006. Ethnic Montenegrins have considered themselves a different ethnic group than Serbians for a long time, however their strategic placement on the coast of the Adriatic Sea made if difficult for Serbia to part with them. The split was peaceful and also made Serbia a new country. Both nations are currently trying to enter the European Union.
It wasn’t until May 20, 2002 that East Timor, also known as Timor-Leste, officially became an independent country. The small nation shares half of its island with Indonesia and is considered to be one of the poorest countries in the world. It was originally colonized by the Portuguese in the 17th century and they continued to own it until 1975. The country was involved in a number of freedom protests leading up to their independence where a numer of citizens were killed.
This small island nation of approximately 21,000 people gained its independence on October 1st, 1994. The islands were formerly owned by the United States who took over the islands when they were controlled by the Japanese during World War II. Until 2005 most people had never even heard of this country, but its location was used to film the popular American TV show ‘Survivor’ which helped many people place the country on a map. It is known for crystal blue waters and vividly green landscapes.
While Eritrea doesn’t look that large on a map it is home to nearly 6 million people. The Eastern African nation gained its independence on May 24, 1993. The area of the current border with Ethiopia has been an area of conflict for quite some time. Eritreans wer given the right to vote for their independence after the fall of Ethiopia’s Mengitsu Regime. 99.8 percent of voters were in favor of becoming a separate country and as a result the new country was born.